Applications of Enzymes in Our Daily Life
Here are some examples of enzyme biotechnology you might use every day in your own home. In many cases, the commercial processes first exploited naturally occurring enzymes. However, this does not mean the enzyme(s) being used were as efficient as they could be.With time, research, and improved protein engineering methods, many enzymes have been genetically modified. These modifications allow them to be more effective at the desired temperatures, pH, or other manufacturing conditions typically unsuitable for enzyme activity (e.g. harsh chemicals). They are also more applicable and efficient for industrial or home applications.
I. Application in feed
The use of enzymes in feed mainly has following three functions: improving the utilization of starch, protein and minerals; degrading the anti-nutritional factors present in animal feed; avoiding the indigestion due to the immature digestive system, insufficient endogenous enzymes of young animals to improve feed digestibility.
II. Application in the brewing industry
Enzyme preparation and brewing industry are inseparable and mutually integral. Whatever Chinese ancient distiller’s yeast for brewing, the malt used in modern beer, the Jiuyao in Chinese Huangjiu or the Daqu in Chinese liquor are all rich in enzymes.
III. Applications in other industries
Enzymes used in the textile industry are mainly amylase, protease, catalase, cellulose/hemicellulase, pectinase and lipase. Amylase and lipase are mainly used in the fabric of the demulsification to improve whiteness, pigment absorption and soften the fabric; protease is mainly used for silk, hemp degumming; cellulose/hemicellulase and pectinase.
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Enzyme Engineering: Open-Access